- Urine can be a very simple diagnostic ‘tool’, allowing the rapid detection of worrying changes
- A urine test is painless, and is rich in valuable information about the patient. An even quicker route is simply to observe the colour of the urine excreted
- Certain colours may be indicative of specific conditions
What does urine colour mean?
The colour of urine is a reflection of our diet. By its colour, hue and smell, much can be deduced about our state of health.
Pale yellow – straw coloured urine
It is a standard colour. Researchers believe that this is what it should look like. It indicates that the body is well hydrated and in good health.
Hydration of the body is very important, but how not to overdo it. That is, in addition to drinks, it is necessary to eat. Overhydration of the body can result in the excretion of too much sodium and hyponatraemia.
Dark yellow urine
Too little fluid is being delivered to the body. Suggests mild dehydration. May occur after intense exercise.
Denotes a bacterial infection when excretion is accompanied by pain or burning. It can occur in pregnant women due to the vaginal discharge produced. In such a case, medical consultation is necessary to prevent possible fetal disease.
When there is a simultaneous change in the colour of the stool (to a lighter colour), it may indicate a liver disorder or a problem with the bile ducts. Suspicions should be heightened after a few days of the symptom, as the orange colour of the urine may also be due to the ingestion of dye.
A slight, one-off staining is most likely to be a sign of ingestion of a red dye, such as beetroot juice. Repeated or more intense colour indicates a urinary tract infection.
The colour can result from eating rhubarb, fava beans or aloe vera. Other causes include a urinary tract infection and muscle damage.
It can be caused by eating asparagus or taking medication. It is a symptom of an infection with Escherichia coli, pyelonephritis, cystitis.
Baby’s urine colour
A newborn’s urine is odourless and colourless or pale yellow. As in an adult, deviations from the rule can be a signal of illness. The parent should ensure that the baby is properly hydrated so that the urine is not dark yellow. An exception can be when the baby starts to drink artificial milk. It may take a few days before the body gets used to it. The child should urinate about six times a day.
The test involves checking the composition of the urine. The patient should bring the urine to the laboratory in a special container. Other vessels may interfere with the test results. An adequate sample is responsible for a reliable result. You should wash your hands before collecting the urine. The urine is collected from the middle stream, then the sterile container must be capped and delivered to the laboratory as soon as possible.
The patient’s state of health is determined on the basis of designated standards. The urine ph should oscillate between 4.6 and 8.0 units.
The colour may vary. It does not necessarily indicate a disease, as it may be the result of an ingested nutrient. Pregnant women should be particularly attentive to any worrying symptom. Others can consult a doctor as soon as they notice the first symptoms or carry out self-observation.